Dev was born Devdutt Pishorimal Anand in Gurdaspur in undivided Punjab to a well-to-do advocate, Pishorimal Anand. He graduated in English literature from the Government College, Lahore (now in Pakistan). His love for acting made him leave his hometown for the centre of the Hindi film industry, Mumbai. Dev began his career in the military censor office at Churchgate, Mumbai, for a salary of Rs. 160.
He was soon offered a break as an actor by Prabhat Talkies to star in their Hum Ek Hain (1946). While shooting for the film in Pune, Dev struck a friendship with fellow actor Guru Dutt. Soon, they were swapping shirts, double dating and sharing dreams. They made a pact: if Dev produced a film, Guru Dutt would direct it; if Guru Dutt produced a film, Dev would act in it.
Dev was offered his first big break by Ashok Kumar, his favourite star. Kumar spotted Dev hanging around in the studios and picked him as the hero for the Bombay Talkies production, Ziddi, costarring Kamini Kaushal (1948) which became a success.
In 1949, he turned producer and launched his own company Navketan, which continues to churn out movies. Though his maiden attempt at direction, Prem Pujari, flopped, his second directorial effort Hare Rama Hare Krishna in 1971 with Zeenat Aman was a big success.
As promised, Dev gambled on Guru Dutt as director for the crime thriller, Baazi (1951). The dice rolled in favour of this creative collaboration; the Sahir Ludhianvi, lyricist song, Tadbeer se bigdi huyee taqdeer bana de, proved prophetic and Dev became a true star.
He also played a few characters with a negative shade, like in Jaal (1952). His films Rahee and Aandhiyan, were screened there along with Raj Kapoor’s Awaara. In the same year, Taxi Driver was declared a hit. Dev’s heroine was Kalpana Kartik again, and the two decided to marry in a quiet ceremony.
Marriage and the birth of son Suneil in 1956 did not affect Dev’s career. A rapid-fire style of dialogue delivery, an array of hats (see for example Aye meri topi palat ke aa), and a penchant for nodding while speaking became Dev’s style in films like Munimji, CID and Paying Guest. His style was lapped up by the audience and was widely imitated. He starred in a string of box office successes for the remainder of the 1950s.
Despite his characteristic style, Dev’s detractors cast aspersions on his acting abilities and questioned his inclusion in the hallowed Raj Kapoor-Dilip Kumar league. Dev made them eat humble pie with his class act in Kala Pani (1958), as the son who is willing to go to any lengths ? including sweet-talking a courtesan into believing he is in love with her ? to clear his framed father’s name. He won the Best Actor Award for the film.
He was romantically involved with singer-actress Suraiya and the two of them paired in six films together. During the shooting of a song sequence in the file, a boat capsized and Dev Anand saved Suraiya from drowning. She fell in love with him but her grandmother opposed the relationship. Suraiya remained unmarried all her life.
His first film in colour, Guide with Waheeda Rehman was based on the novel of the same name by R. K. Narayan. The impetus for making a film from the book came from Dev Anand himself, and he met and persuaded Narayan to give his assent to the project. Dev Anand tapped his friends in Hollywood to lauch an Indo-US co-production that was shot in Hindi and English simultaneously and was released in 1965. This is regarded by many as his best work to-date.
Guide, directed by younger brother Vijay Anand, silenced the staunchest of critics. Dev played Raju, a voluble guide who supports Rosy (Waheeda) in her bid for freedom; but is not above thoughtlessly exploiting her for personal gains. Combining style with substance, Dev gave an affecting performance as a man grappling with his emotions in his passage through love, shame and salvation.
Guide was Dev’s creative acme. He reunited with Vijay Anand for the much-hyped Jewel Thief, featuring a bevy of beauties led by Vyjayanthimala and including Tanuja, Anju Mahendru, Faryal and Helen.
Their next collaboration, Johnny Mera Naam (1970) was a big hit. The film was released in the same year as Raj Kapoor’s magnum ‘flopus’ Mera Naam Joker (it was a commercial failure). Unlike Raj and Dilip who slowed down in the Seventies, Dev continued to be a romantic hero.
His maiden attempt at direction, the espionage drama, Prem Pujari flopped, but Dev got lucky with his sophomore directorial effort Hare Rama Hare Krishna. It talked about the prevalent hippie cult. Zeenat Aman, who played the mini-skirt sporting, pot-smoking protagonist Janice, became an overnight sensation. Dev also became known as a filmmaker of trenchantly topical themes.
The presence of his discoveries the zestful Zeenat and later, the elfin Tina Munim (heroine of Dev’s last recognised hit Des Pardes in 1978) fuelled Dev’s image as the evergreen star even when he was well into his fifties.
Dev Anand is one of those few Indian actors/filmmakers who are politically aware and active and are ready to stand up for the cause that is dear to them. He was the one who led a group of film personalities who stood up against the Internal Emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. He actively campaigned against her with his supporters in [Indian parliamentary elections in 1977 while very few among the film fraternity showed the courage to fight against the authoritarian regime.
Most of his films are an expression of his world view and have dealt with socially relevant subjects. He always emphasises this in his interviews. He thinks that his films represent his personal points of view.
Dev Anand’s films are best known for their great music. Some of the most popular Bollywood songs were from his films. His association with music composers O. P. Nayyar, Sachin Dev Burman and his son Rahul Dev Burman, lyricists Majrooh Sultanpuri, Neeraj, Shailendra, and playback singers Mohammad Rafi and Kishore Kumar produced some very popular songs.
National honours and recognitions Received By Dev Anand
- 1995 – Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award
- 1997 – Mumbai Academy of Moving Images Award for his Outstanding Services to the Indian Film Industry
- 1998 – Lifetime Achievement Award by the Ujala Anandlok Film Awards Committee in Calcutta
- 1999 – Sansui Lifetime Achievement Award for his “Immense Contribution to Indian Cinema” in New Delhi
- 2000 – Film Goers’ Mega Movie Maestro of the Millennium Award in Mumbai
- 2001 – Special Screen Award for his contribution to Indian cinema
- 2001 – Evergreen Star of the Millennium Award at the Zee Gold Bollywood Awards on 28 April 2001 at the Nassau Coliseum, New York
- 2003 – Lifetime Achievement Award for “Outstanding Achievement in Indian Cinema” at IIFA Award in Johannesburg, South Africa
- 2004 – Legend of Indian Cinema Award at Atlantic City (United States
- 2004 – Living Legend Award by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in recognition of his contribution to the Indian entertainment industry
- 2005 – Sony Gold Award
- 2006 – ANR National Award by the Akkineni International Foundation
- 2006 – Glory of India Award by IIAF, London
- 2007 – Punjab Ratan (Jewel of Punjab) Award by the World Punjabi Organisation (European Division) for his outstanding contribution in the field of art and entertainment.
- 2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award by Ramya Cultural Academy in association with Vnmusiclub
- 2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award by Rotary Club of Bombay
- 2008 – Awarded at the IIJS Solitaire Awards
- 2009 – Outstanding contribution to Indian cinema at the Max Stardust Awards
- 2009 – Legend Award given to Dev Anand by Rajinikanth
- 2010 – Phalke Ratna Award by Dadasaheb Phalke Academy
- 2010 – Rashtriya Gaurav Award
- 2011 – Rashtriya Kishore Kumar Samman from the Government of Madhya Pradesh
- 2011 – NDTV Indian of the Year’s Lifetime Achievement Award with Rahul Dravid Lifetime Achievement Maestro Award by the Whistling Woods International Institute.
- 2013 – To honour him, a brass statue in his likeness was unveiled at Walk of the Stars at Bandra Bandstand in Mumbai in February 2013.
- 2013 – On the occasion of 100 years of the Indian cinema, a postage stamp bearing his likeness was released by India Post to honour him on 3 May 2013.
Movies done By Dev Anand
- Hum Ek Hain 1946 Yes Shankar P. L. Santoshi Debut Film
- Mohan 1947 Yes Anadinath Bannerjee
- Aage Badho 1947 Yes Uday Yeshwant Pithka
- Ziddi 1948 Yes Shaheed Latif
- Vidya 1948 Yes Chandrashekhar Girish Trivedi
- Hum Bhi Insaan Hain 1948 Yes Phani Majumdar
- Udhaar 1949 Yes S. S. Kulkarni
- Shair 1949 Yes Deepak Chawla
- Jeet 1949 Yes Vijay Mohan Sinha
- Nirala 1950 Yes Dr. Anand Devendra Mukherjee
- Nili 1950 Yes Ratibhai Punatar
- Madhubala 1950 Yes Prahlad Dutt
- Khel 1950 Yes S. M. Nawab
- Birha Ki Raat 1950 Yes Gajanan Jagirdar
- Dilruba 1950 Yes Ratan Dwarka Khosla
- Hindustan Hamara 1950 Yes Paul Zils
- Afsar 1950 Yes Yes Kapur Chetan Anand
- Stage 1951 Yes Vijay Mhatre
- Sazaa 1951 Yes Ashok Fali Mistry
- Sanam 1951 Yes Nandlal Jaswantlal
- Nadaan 1951 Yes Hira Singh
- Do Sitare 1951 Yes D.D. Kashyap
- Baazi 1951 Yes Yes Madan Guru Dutt
- Aaram 1951 Yes Shyam D.D. Kashyap
- Aandhiyan 1952 Yes Ram Mohan Chetan Anand
- Rahi 1952 Yes Ramesh Khwaja Ahmad Abbas
- Jaal 1952 Yes Tony Fernandes Guru Dutt
- Tamasha 1952 Yes Dilip Phani Majumdar
- Zalzala 1952 Yes Paul Zils
- Armaan 1953 Yes Fali Mistry
- Humsafar 1953 Yes Yes Veer A. N. Bannerjee
- Patita 1953 Yes Nirmal Chander Amiya Chakravarty
- Taxi Driver 1954 Yes Mangal Chetan Anand
- Baadbaan 1954 Yes Naren Phani Majumdar
- Kashti 1954 Yes Hemen Gupta
- Milap 1955 Yes Rajendra Sayal Raj Khosla
- Munimji 1955 Yes Amar / Raj Subodh Mukherjee
- Insaniyat 1955 Yes Bhanupratap S. S. Vasan
- House No. 44 1955 Yes Yes Ashok M. K. Burman
- Faraar 1955 Yes Gora Phani Majumdar
- Pocket Maar 1956 Yes Roshan H. S. Rawail
- Funtoosh 1956 Yes Yes Ram Lal (Funtoosh) Chetan Anand
- C.I.D. 1956 Yes C.I.D. Inspector Shekhar Raj Khosla
- Nau Do Gyarah 1957 Yes Madan Gopal Vijay Anand
- Paying Guest 1957 Yes Ramesh Subodh Mukherjee
- Dushman 1957 Yes Ram Singh Raja Rishi
- Baarish 1957 Yes Ramu Shankar Mukherjee
- Solva Saal 1958 Yes Pran Nath Kashyap Raj Khosla
- Kala Pani 1958 Yes Yes Karan Raj Khosla
- Amar Deep 1958 Yes Ashok Tatineni Prakash Rao
- Love Marriage 1959 Yes Sunil Kumar (Sonu) Subodh Mukherjee
- Manzil 1960 Yes Raj Kumar Mehra Mandi Burman
- Kala Bazar 1960 Yes Yes Raghuvir Vijay Anand
- Sarhad 1960 Yes Amar Shankar Mukherjee
- Jaali Note 1960 Yes C.I.D. Inspector Dinesh / Abdul Rashid / Prince Vijay Shakti Samanta
- Ek Ke Baad Ek 1960 Yes Prakash Raj Rishi
- Bombai Ka Babu 1960 Yes Babu / Kundan Raj Khosla
- Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja 1961 Yes Chhagan H. S. Rawail
- Maya 1961 Yes Manmohan / Shyam D.D. Kashyap
- Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai 1961 Yes Sunder Nasir Hussain
- Hum Dono 1961 Yes Yes Mahesh Anand / Manoharlal Verma Amarjeet Dual Role
- Baat Ek Raat Ki 1962 Yes Rajesh Shankar Mukherjee
- Asli-Naqli 1962 Yes Anand Hrishikesh Mukherjee
- Tere Ghar Ke Samne 1963 Yes Yes Rakesh Kumar Vijay Anand
- Kinare Kinare 1963 Yes Kamal Chetan Anand
- Sharabi 1964 Yes Keshav Raj Rishi
- Teen Devian 1965 Yes Dev Dutt Amarjeet
- Guide 1965 Yes Yes Raju Vijay Anand
- Pyar Mohabbat 1966 Yes Naresh Singh Shankar Mukherjee
- Jewel Thief 1967 Yes Yes Vinay / Amar Vijay Anand
- Kahin Aur Chal 1968 Yes Shail Vijay Anand
- Duniya 1968 Yes Amar Tatineni Prakash Rao
- Mahal 1969 Yes Rajesh Dikshit Shankar Mukherjee
- The Evil Within 1970 Yes Dev Varma Lamberto V. Avellana
- Prem Pujari 1970 Yes Yes Yes Ramdev Bakshi Dev Anand
- Johny Mera Naam 1970 Yes Sohan / Johny Vijay Anand
- Gambler 1971 Yes Raja Amarjeet
- Tere Mere Sapne 1971 Yes Yes Dr. Anand Kumar Vijay Anand
- Hare Rama Hare Krishna 1971 Yes Yes Prashant Dev Anand
- Yeh Gulistan Hamara 1972 Yes Vijay Atma Ram
- Shareef Budmaash 1973 Yes Yes Inspector Ramesh / Sastram Raj Khosla
- Heera Panna 1973 Yes Yes Heera Bhandari Dev Anand
- Banarasi Babu 1973 Yes Sohan Lal / Mohan Shankar Mukherjee Dual Role
- Chhupa Rustam 1973 Yes Ashwini Kumar / Natwarlal / Chhupa Rustam Vijay Anand
- Joshila 1973 Yes Amar Yash Chopra
- Prem Shastra 1974 Yes Sagar Sharma B. R. Ishara
- Ishk Ishk Ishk 1974 Yes Yes Dhun Dev Anand
- Amir Garib 1974 Yes Manmohan (Moni) / Bagula Bhagat Mohan Kumar
- Warrant 1975 Yes Arun Mehra Pramod Chakravorty
- Jaaneman 1976 Yes Yes Roni Chetan Anand
- Bullet 1976 Yes Inspector Dharam Dev Vijay Anand
- Kalabaaz 1977 Yes Vijay Ashok Roy
- Darling Darling 1977 Yes Kumar Kumar
- Sahib Bahadur 1977 Yes Prem Pratap
- Des Pardes 1978 Yes Yes Yes Veer Dev Anand
- Lootmaar 1980 Yes Yes Bhagat Dev Anand
- Man Pasand 1980 Yes Pratap Basu Chatterjee
- Swami Dada 1982 Yes Yes Harimohan / Swami Dada Dev Anand
- Anand Aur Anand 1984 Yes Yes Arun Anand Dev Anand
- Hum Naujawan 1985 Yes Yes Yes Professor Hans Dev Anand
- Sachché Ká Bol-Bálá 1989 Yes Yes Yes Editor Karan Kaul Dev Anand
- Lashkar 1989 Yes Professor Anand Jagdish Kadar
- Awwal Number 1990 Yes Yes Yes D.I.G. Vikram Singh Dev Anand
- Sau Crore 1991 Yes Yes Yes C.B.I. Inspector Kumar Dev Anand
- Pyaar Ka Tarana 1993 Yes Yes Dev Anand Only Producer & Director
- Gangster 1994 Yes Yes Yes Father Pereira Dev Anand
- Return of Jewel Thief 1996 Yes Vinay, Amar Ashok Tyagi
- Main Solah Baras Ki 1998 Yes Yes Himself Dev Anand Special appearance
- Censor 2001 Yes Yes Yes Vikramjeet Dev Anand
- Love at Times Square 2003 Yes Yes Yes Shaan Dev Anand
- Mr Prime Minister 2005 Yes Yes Yes Prem Batra (Johnny Master) Dev Anand
- Chargesheet 2011 Yes Yes Yes Gambhir Singh Dev Anand Last Film